This module will explore the concepts of lay and pastoral counselling, explain why there is a need for such counselling, and provide a practical introduction to the foundations of a biblical approach. Topics covered will include the concept of Christian counselling, the call to the counselling ministry, an overview of the major counselling theories, implicit and explicit integration, and models of Christian counselling (including the Paraklesis model). This module will lay the basis for an integrative approach to Christian counselling for pastors and lay counsellors.